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Aviation Engine Mechanic Career Guide

What is an aviation engine mechanic?

An aviation engine mechanic specializes in maintaining and repairing aircraft engines, a critical component in aviation safety and efficiency. The role is distinct in its focus on engine systems, encompassing not just routine maintenance but also intricate troubleshooting and problem-solving.

Given that the aircraft engine is a complex piece of machinery with many moving parts, the engine mechanic’s work is instrumental in ensuring that airplanes can fly safely and reliably. Their skill set is crucial not only for routine aircraft operations but also for prolonging the life of expensive aviation equipment, directly impacting an airline or aircraft operator’s bottom line.

Duties and responsibilities

Aviation engine mechanics are responsible for conducting routine inspections of aircraft engines, identifying worn or damaged components, and replacing or repairing them as needed. Their work often starts with diagnostic tests, using specialized tools and equipment to ascertain the condition of various engine parts. Following diagnosis, they perform repair or maintenance work, which may involve disassembling and reassembling engine components.

In addition to hands-on tasks, they are responsible for documenting their work, ensuring accurate records that meet regulatory standards and facilitate future maintenance activities. The role may further extend to calibrating engine systems and conducting performance tests post-maintenance to verify that engines meet the required operational standards.

Work environment

Aviation engine mechanics primarily work in hangars, repair stations, and sometimes directly on airstrips or flight lines. Given the various activities and machinery in use, these environments are often noisy. Safety gear, such as ear protection, safety goggles, and gloves, is usually required.

The nature of the job can be physically demanding, as mechanics often have to lift heavy parts or tools and work in confined spaces or awkward positions for extended periods. Collaboration is a significant aspect of the work environment, as they often work in teams and must communicate effectively with other maintenance personnel, engineers, and sometimes even regulatory authorities.

Typical work hours

The work hours for aviation engine mechanics can vary considerably based on the specific employer and nature of work. For airlines and operators that function around the clock, mechanics might work in shifts to provide continuous maintenance coverage.

During busy periods or in emergencies, overtime is likely. However, a standard 9-to-5 work schedule might be more common for those working in training facilities or smaller operations. Flexibility in work hours is generally required, especially when unscheduled repairs or maintenance activities arise, demanding prompt attention.

How to become an aviation engine mechanic

Becoming an aviation engine mechanic requires technical aptitude, meticulous attention to detail, and a strong understanding of aviation standards and regulations. In this career guide section, we cover the steps you’ll need to follow to achieve your goal:

Step 1: Obtain a high school diploma

Obtaining a high school diploma or equivalent is the first step. A strong foundation in math, physics, and computer science is beneficial as these subjects are integral to a mechanic’s work.

Step 2: Attend an FAA-approved aviation maintenance technician school

The next step is to gain knowledge and skills through an approved aviation maintenance technician school. These programs, which often result in an associate’s degree, typically cover various topics like engine repair, aircraft systems, aviation electronics, and FAA regulations.

Step 3: Gain practical experience

Hands-on experience is essential to learning and becoming proficient in aircraft maintenance. Many educational programs include practical components that simulate on-the-job situations. Additionally, working as an assistant to seasoned mechanics helps to gain experience.

Step 4: Obtain FAA certification

To work as an aviation engine mechanic in the United States, you must be certified by the FAA. Different certifications are available based on specialty, and they must obtain a Powerplant rating. Written, oral, and practical tests must be passed to qualify for certification.

Step 5: Seek employment

With FAA certification, it is time to apply for jobs. Positions may be available with airlines, private jet operators, aircraft manufacturers, or maintenance and repair companies.

Step 6: Continue your education and training

The aviation industry continually evolves, and technological advancements require ongoing education. This training could involve courses or workshops on new equipment, technologies, or maintenance practices. 

Here are some excellent online course options available for continuing education:

Step 7: Consider additional certifications

Over time, mechanics may acquire additional FAA certifications, such as the Airframe rating, which can broaden the scope of work and increase employability. Some may eventually achieve the combined Airframe and Powerplant (A&P) certification.

How much do aviation engine mechanics make?

Aviation engine mechanic salaries can differ significantly based on factors like geographic location, years of experience, level of education, industry, and the company’s size. Certifications and specializations can also impact their earnings. Some may also receive additional compensation through benefits or bonuses.

Highest paying industries

  • Commercial Airlines – $75,220
  • Government – $74,100
  • Military – $73,250
  • General Aviation – $70,800
  • Aircraft Manufacturing – $70,000

Highest paying states

  • Hawaii – $78,800
  • Nevada – $77,540
  • Connecticut – $77,110
  • Washington – $76,230
  • Alaska – $75,680

Browse aviation engine mechanic salary data by market

Types of aviation engine mechanics

In this career guide section, we will explore the different types of aviation engine mechanics, shedding light on their unique responsibilities and areas of focus. 

Airframe and Powerplant mechanic

A&P mechanics are certified to work on most aircraft parts, including engines. They perform routine maintenance, conduct inspections, and make repairs as necessary to ensure the aircraft’s safe operation.

Turbine engine mechanic

Turbine engines are high-powered and have complex components. Mechanics in this role study these systems and handle maintenance, repair, and overhaul.

Piston engine mechanic

Piston engines are found in smaller, general aviation aircraft. From cylinders to exhaust systems, these mechanics thoroughly understand the engines and perform maintenance and repair.

Jet engine mechanic

Jet engine mechanics perform maintenance and repairs, ensuring these powerful engines function efficiently and safely.

Helicopter engine mechanic

Helicopters have unique requirements, and these mechanics have expertise in maintaining and repairing their engines to ensure safety in flight. 

Military aircraft engine mechanic

Military mechanics work on engines for jets, helicopters, and other types of vehicles. They maintain and repair the specific engines used in these specialized military aircraft.

Aviation maintenance technician (AMT)

Although not strictly an engine mechanic, an AMT works on many aspects of an aircraft, including engines. They are responsible for preventative maintenance, inspections, and repairs to ensure safety and functionality.

Top skills for aviation engine mechanics

Technical knowledge of aircraft engines and systems is a fundamental requirement for aviation engine mechanics. They must understand the complex workings, intricate systems, and components that support proper operation. This technical proficiency enables them to diagnose and fix issues effectively, ensuring the safety and reliability of aircraft engines.

These professionals use various hand tools, power tools, and specialized maintenance equipment where aptitude is crucial. They must be able to perform tasks such as disassembling engines, replacing parts, and reassembling components.

Engine systems are complex, and even minor errors can lead to significant safety risks. Attention to detail and meticulousness are vital for identifying and addressing issues promptly and maintaining the highest safety and performance standards.

Problem-solving abilities are fundamental as they often encounter challenging technical issues that require innovative solutions. The ability to analyze problems, understand root causes, and implement effective solutions contributes significantly to aircraft safety and efficiency.

Finally, physical fitness is vital for mechanics. They often work in demanding conditions that require strength, agility, and endurance. Also, these professionals may work at heights or in tight spaces when servicing engines, so good physical fitness ensures that duties are performed safely and effectively.

Aviation engine mechanic career path

The career path for an aviation engine mechanic begins with acquiring the appropriate technical skills, often through a combination of formal education and hands-on experience. Many prospective mechanics earn a certificate or degree from a FAA-approved aviation maintenance technician school, which provides a strong foundation in aircraft maintenance and repair, including engine systems.

After schooling, aspiring mechanics often start as junior or apprentice mechanics, working under the supervision of experienced professionals. This stage offers practical experience in diagnosing, repairing, and maintaining aircraft engines and related systems. Another focus might be preparing for and taking FAA exams to become a certified A&P mechanic.

As these professionals gain experience and demonstrate skills, they may advance to senior or lead mechanic roles. These positions come with increased responsibilities, such as overseeing maintenance tasks, guiding less experienced mechanics, and ensuring safety and quality compliance.

With significant experience and a strong track record, they may advance to supervisory or management roles, such as maintenance supervisor, chief mechanic, or maintenance director. These roles often involve managing teams, planning maintenance operations, and ensuring compliance with FAA regulations.

Continuing education, training in new technologies, and additional certifications (like Inspection Authorization from the FAA) can provide further advancement opportunities, including specialized mechanic roles or positions with aircraft manufacturers.

Technological advancements are reshaping this field as newer aircraft feature increasingly sophisticated engines and systems. Today’s aviation engine mechanics must proficiently use digital diagnostic tools and understand computerized management systems.

Additionally, the trend toward more sustainable aviation is driving the development of alternative propulsion technologies, including electric and hybrid-electric systems. Professionals familiar with these emerging technologies may have a competitive edge.

Employment projections for aviation engine mechanics

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) categorizes aviation engine mechanics under the broader group of “Aircraft Mechanics and Service Technicians.” The BLS projects that employment in this field will grow 6% through 2031, about as fast as the average for all occupations.

Despite advancements in aircraft technology that increase efficiency and reliability, mechanics are still needed to inspect and perform maintenance to ensure that aircraft comply with federal regulations. Those who keep their skills current and can work with the latest technologies, including alternative propulsion systems, should have the best job prospects.

Aviation engine mechanic career tips

Stay current with evolving technology

Aviation technology constantly evolves and changes, so it is crucial to remain up-to-date with new technologies, tools, and methods.

Commit to safety

Safety is paramount in the aviation industry, so mechanics must know all protocols and regulations. Keeping updated with these procedures ensures the safety of technicians and aircraft operators.

Work on your problem-solving skills

Engine mechanics often encounter complex technical issues that need immediate resolution. Enhancing problem-solving skills helps troubleshoot effectively and find solutions quickly.

Specialize in specific engine types

Specializing in a particular engine type, such as jet or piston, can increase marketability. This in-depth knowledge can make mechanics the go-to person for specific engine issues.

Prioritize continuous learning

Ongoing education is crucial to any successful career, including aviation engine mechanics. Consider these suggestions for continuous learning:

  • Participate in workshops and seminars related to aviation mechanics
  • Take additional certification courses for specialized engine types
  • Stay updated with industry journals and publications

Maintain physical fitness

The job often requires physical effort, including lifting heavy objects, crouching, or lying down for extended periods. Maintaining a good level of physical fitness is essential for success.

Build a professional network

Professional networks can provide numerous benefits, including mentorship, job opportunities, and professional development. Relevant professional networks and associations include:

  • The Professional Aviation Maintenance Association (PAMA)
  • The Aircraft Mechanics Fraternal Association (AMFA)
  • The Aviation Technician Education Council (ATEC)

Stay organized

Mechanics often handle simultaneous tasks and deal with numerous engine parts. Excellent organizational skills help to manage tasks and complex details effectively.  

Master the use of tools

Become familiar with the various tools used in engine repair and maintenance. Knowing which tool to use in different situations can increase a mechanic’s efficiency and effectiveness.

Where the aviation engine mechanic jobs are

Top companies

  • Boeing
  • Lockheed Martin
  • Northrop Grumman
  • Raytheon Technologies
  • General Electric Aviation

Top states

  • California
  • Texas
  • Florida
  • Washington
  • Alabama

Top job sites

  • zengig
  • LinkedIn
  • Glassdoor
  • Aviation Job Search
  • Aeroindustryjobs.com


What qualifications are needed to become an aviation engine mechanic?

The role typically requires completing a program at a FAA-approved aviation maintenance technician school or gaining experience under a certified mechanic’s supervision. They must also pass the FAA exams for certification. A strong understanding of mathematics, physics, and electronics is advantageous.

What kind of training does an aviation engine mechanic typically undergo?

They usually complete a mix of classroom instruction and hands-on training, where they learn about engine construction, repair techniques, and safety protocols. This education is often followed by on-the-job training under the supervision of experienced mechanics. Some mechanics may also receive specific training from engine manufacturers.

What are the essential skills of an aviation engine mechanic?

Essential skills include being detail-oriented and proficient at problem-solving. Solid skills when using hand and power tools help to diagnose mechanical problems and perform repairs. Good manual dexterity, physical strength, and working under pressure are also necessary.

What does a typical day look like for an aviation engine mechanic?

A typical day may include inspecting engines, diagnosing problems, and performing routine maintenance or repairs. Mechanics might also update logbooks and maintain an inventory of parts. They often work in noisy environments and have irregular hours, including on-call duty or working nights and weekends.

What are the primary responsibilities of an aviation engine mechanic?

Primary responsibilities include conducting regular inspections of aircraft engines, diagnosing issues, and performing maintenance and repairs. Mechanics also maintain work records and ensure all maintenance activities comply with safety regulations. They may be involved in testing engine performance and making adjustments.

What industries employ aviation engine mechanics?

The airline industry primarily employs engine mechanics, including commercial and cargo airlines. Other employers include private aviation companies, the military, aerospace manufacturing companies, and government agencies. Some may work for companies that specialize in aircraft maintenance services.

What is the role of an aviation engine mechanic in ensuring flight safety?

They play a critical role in flight safety by conducting thorough inspections of aircraft engines, identifying potential problems, and performing necessary repairs or maintenance. Their meticulous work helps to ensure that aircraft engines operate reliably and safely.

How does an aviation engine mechanic collaborate with other aviation professionals?

Work is generally performed as part of a larger maintenance team, including avionics technicians, inspectors, and other mechanics. Communication with these professionals is critical for coordinating maintenance activities and addressing issues. They may also interact with pilots to discuss concerns related to engine performance.

What challenges do aviation engine mechanics often encounter?

They face many challenges, including dealing with complex mechanical issues, working under time pressure to avoid flight delays, and staying current with new technology. Their work may include challenging physical conditions, high noise levels, lifting heavy objects, or sitting in awkward positions.

How does an aviation engine mechanic stay updated with new methods and technologies in aviation?

To stay current, they may participate in training offered by aircraft and engine manufacturers, attend industry conferences and seminars, or subscribe to industry publications. They might also be part of professional networks or online communities to share knowledge and learn from peers.