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Soil Technician Career Guide

What is a soil technician?

A soil technician, also known as a soil testing technician, collects and analyzes soil samples to determine its composition and characteristics. This information is vital in numerous fields, such as construction, agriculture, environmental science, and land development. The role is indispensable for ensuring safe and effective land use, as their assessments contribute to informed decision-making about land use and management.

These technicians are necessary for determining soil suitability for various purposes, such as growing crops, building structures, or restoring ecosystems. They ensure that soil management practices are sustainable and environmentally friendly, playing a key role in conserving our natural resources.

Duties and responsibilities

A soil technician’s primary duties and responsibilities include collecting soil samples from different sites and performing various tests to determine the soil’s physical and chemical properties. This can include measuring soil acidity, nutrient content, organic matter levels, or assessing the presence of pollutants.

In construction projects, these professionals often work closely with engineers to determine the soil’s suitability for building. Technicians prepare detailed reports based on their findings, which inform land use decisions. They may also provide recommendations on soil management, such as suggesting soil treatments or advising on suitable crops for a particular soil type.

Work environment

A soil technician’s work environment is split between field and laboratory settings. Fieldwork involves collecting soil samples from various sites, including farms, construction sites, or natural habitats. This part of the job may require physical exertion and working in different weather conditions.

The laboratory work involves analyzing the collected soil samples using various testing equipment and procedures. This setting requires meticulous attention to detail, strict adherence to safety protocols, and a solid understanding of laboratory equipment and techniques.

Typical work hours

Soil technicians typically work a standard 40-hour work week, although this can vary depending on the season and specific project timelines. Fieldwork may require travel to various locations and sometimes overnight stays, depending on the distance and nature of the sites. 

During busy periods, such as the growing season in agriculture or peak construction periods, longer hours may be required to meet project deadlines. Laboratory work generally conforms to regular business hours but can also extend when necessary to complete analysis and reporting tasks.

How to become a soil technician

Becoming a soil technician involves acquiring the necessary skills and knowledge to analyze and evaluate soil properties for various purposes, including agriculture, construction, and environmental conservation. In this career guide section, we cover the steps you’ll need to take to achieve your goal:

Step 1: Obtain an education in a relevant field

A high school diploma or equivalent is typically required to enter the field of soil technology. However, further education can improve your employment prospects and provide a deeper understanding of soil science. Consider earning an associate’s or bachelor’s degree in a related field such as environmental science, agriculture, geology, or soil science.

Step 2: Gain practical experience

Hands-on experience is essential for developing the skills for success in this role. Seek internships, cooperative education programs, or entry-level positions in soil testing laboratories, agricultural research facilities, or environmental consulting firms to gain exposure to soil analysis techniques and industry practices.

Step 3: Develop your laboratory and field skills

Technicians must be proficient in various laboratory and field techniques, including soil sampling, testing, and analysis. Familiarize yourself with the equipment and procedures used in soil testing, such as soil augers, penetrometers, and laboratory analytical instruments. Expertise in these areas will enhance your ability to conduct accurate and reliable soil analyses.

Step 4: Enhance your computer and data analysis skills

Soil technicians frequently use data management and analysis software to interpret and report their findings. Develop your skills in relevant software programs, such as geographic information systems (GIS), spreadsheet applications, and statistical analysis tools, to improve your efficiency and accuracy in data handling and interpretation.

You may consider earning a Geographic Information Systems Specialization from the University of California at Davis, offered through Coursera. Many people have also taken The Ultimate Microsoft Excel Course via Udemy. Both courses are fully online, and you’ll earn a certificate upon completion.

Step 5: Obtain professional certifications (optional)

While not mandatory, obtaining professional certifications can demonstrate your commitment to the field and enhance your credibility in this role. Certifications such as the American Society of Agronomy’s Certified Crop Adviser (CCA) or the Soil Science Society of America’s Certified Professional Soil Scientist (CPSS) can validate your skills and knowledge in soil science, making you a more competitive candidate in the job market.

How much do soil technicians make?

Salaries can be influenced by several key factors. Education and specific training in soil science or a related field can significantly impact a technician’s earnings. Those with higher degrees or specialized certifications can often command higher salaries.

The industry in which they work can also affect compensation. For example, those in the oil and gas extraction industry may earn more than those in local government roles. The geographical location can also play a major role, with salaries typically being higher in urban areas with higher living costs.

Experience is another important factor. As these professionals gain more years of experience and demonstrate their competency and knowledge in their job, they will likely see an increase in their earnings.

Highest paying industries

  • Federal Executive Branch – $69,360
  • Management, Scientific, and Technical Consulting Services – $54,410
  • Architectural and Engineering – $48,400
  • Local Government – $48,060
  • State Government – $47,330

Highest paying states

  • Virginia – $61,020
  • California – $59,420
  • Washington – $59,320
  • Alaska – $57,940
  • Nevada – $56,360

Browse soil technician salary data by market

Types of soil technicians

We explore the different types and specializations of soil technicians in this career guide section. The role may vary depending on the sector in which they are employed, allowing for a range of specializations in this field.

Construction soil technician

Also known as geotechnical technicians, construction soil technicians specialize in analyzing soil and its properties related to construction projects. They conduct tests for compaction, permeability, grain size, and other critical factors influencing soil suitability for construction. Their findings help determine the safety and feasibility of construction sites, foundation design, and soil stability.

Agricultural soil technician

Agricultural soil technicians focus on assessing soil health and fertility in farming contexts. These professionals analyze soil samples for nutrient content, pH levels, organic matter, and other factors that impact crop growth. Their insights guide decisions about crop selection, irrigation strategies, and fertilizer application, ultimately influencing agricultural productivity.

Environmental soil technician

Environmental soil technicians specialize in assessing soil health in relation to environmental conservation and pollution control. They conduct soil testing to detect the presence of contaminants and pollutants, contributing to efforts to safeguard the environment. These technicians often work on-site remediation projects, helping to reclaim and restore polluted or damaged lands.

Research soil technician

Research soil technicians work predominantly in academic or industrial research settings, contributing to the understanding of soil science. Researchers might be involved in long-term studies assessing soil health under various conditions, investigating soil microbiology, or exploring the effects of different agricultural or environmental practices on soil properties.

Soil laboratory technician

Spending most of their time in a laboratory, soil laboratory technicians analyze collected soil samples. They perform various soil tests using specialized equipment and help interpret and report the results. Their work provides valuable data for soil-related studies and projects across many industries.

Top skills for soil technicians

A skilled soil technician can accurately assess soil properties, make informed land use and management decisions, and contribute to sustainable environmental practices. A solid soil science foundation is crucial when conducting soil analyses, interpreting results, and making recommendations. It helps ensure accurate assessments that can inform critical decisions, such as crop selection in agriculture or ground preparation in construction.

Much of their work occurs in a laboratory, where they test soil samples for properties like pH, fertility, and contaminant presence. Therefore, solid laboratory skills are vital, including proper sample handling, knowledge of laboratory safety protocols, and proficiency in conducting different soil tests. These skills help maintain testing accuracy and ensure the results’ reliability.

Soil technicians often use specialized tools and equipment, including include soil augers, moisture meters, pH testers, microscopes, and lab instruments, in the field when collecting samples and in the lab when analyzing them. Proficiency in using these tools is essential for efficient and accurate data collection and analysis. It allows these professionals to carry out their duties effectively and provide valuable input into soil-related projects.

Once soil analysis is completed, technicians must communicate their findings. These reports should be accurate, clear, and thorough, outlining the testing methods, results, and implications. Good report-writing skills ensure that the data is understandable to non-specialists and can be used to make informed decisions. Whether advising on soil management practices or recommending remedial action for contaminated soils, a well-written report can impact the success of a project.

Soil technician career path

The career path for a soil technician typically begins with an entry-level position in environmental science or geology, where they gain practical knowledge about soil sampling, testing, and analysis.

After accumulating relevant experience and enhancing their technical skills, they may progress to a soil technician role. In this position, they work under the supervision of a senior technician or soil scientist, conducting soil tests, maintaining equipment, and helping in data interpretation and report writing.

They can advance to a senior role with further hands-on experience, improved analytical skills, and perhaps additional certifications or a higher degree. Here, they handle more complex soil testing, lead fieldwork, and are often responsible for mentoring junior technicians.

Eventually, technicians may move into soil scientist or geotechnical engineer roles, designing and overseeing larger soil study projects, carrying out advanced soil analyses, and providing consultation for construction, agricultural, or environmental projects.

At the highest levels, these professionals can aspire to roles such as environmental consultant, project manager, or even director of environmental services, where they strategize and supervise large-scale environmental or soil-related projects and ensure compliance with regulatory standards.

In recent years, the role of soil technicians has seen an increasing focus on environmental conservation, sustainability, and climate change mitigation. As the importance of managing our natural resources grows, these professionals play an increasingly vital role in assessing soil health and fertility, identifying contamination, and advising on soil remediation strategies.

A recent trend in this field is the rising use of technology and digital tools. Technicians now leverage Geographic Information Systems (GIS), remote sensing technologies, and advanced lab equipment to conduct more precise soil analysis and mapping. 

Additionally, the rise of precision agriculture, which involves optimizing farm efficiency through data analysis and real-time soil monitoring, has expanded this role in agriculture.

Sustainable land and water management practices are also gaining prominence, which requires technicians to understand and implement conservation strategies. These include preventing soil erosion, enhancing soil health, and improving water quality.

Employment projections for soil technicians

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, soil and plant scientists, which include soil technicians, are projected to see job growth of 8% through 2031, faster than the average for all occupations. 

This growth is largely driven by increased demand for agricultural and food products and by the need for environmental conservation and sustainable land use practices. As such, those with a solid background in soil science and proficiency in using advanced soil analysis technologies will likely have good job prospects.

Soil technician career tips

Develop fieldwork competence

As a soil technician, you will often be involved in fieldwork, collecting soil samples, and performing on-site tests. Building competence in fieldwork, including proper sampling methods and safety procedures, is essential. This ensures the reliability of your data and your safety during field operations.

Master laboratory techniques

Lab work forms a significant part of this role. You should be adept at laboratory techniques such as soil particle size analysis, Atterberg limits determination, moisture content testing, and organic matter evaluation. These skills are essential for accurately analyzing soil samples and providing valid data for research or construction projects.

Understand geotechnical software

Many use geotechnical software to analyze and interpret soil data. Familiarizing yourself with software like GeoStudio, Plaxis, or gINT can help you process data more efficiently and accurately. This can significantly enhance your productivity and the quality of your work.

Enhance report-writing skills

Soil technicians often need to prepare detailed reports on their findings. These reports should be clear, accurate, and easy to understand, even for those without a background in soil science. Strong report-writing skills help ensure your findings are effectively communicated and utilized.

Continuous learning

The field of soil science is continually evolving with new research and techniques. To stay updated, consider the following:

  • Attending workshops and webinars focused on soil science
  • Pursuing additional certifications like the International Society of Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering’s (ISSMGE) certification
  • Regularly reading industry publications and scientific journals
  • Learning about new geotechnical software or laboratory techniques

Build a professional network

Networking with other professionals in your field can provide learning, collaboration, and career advancement opportunities. Here are some professional associations:

  • Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)
  • American Society of Agronomy (ASA)
  • International Union of Soil Sciences (IUSS)
  • Geological Society of America (GSA)

Understand relevant regulations and standards

In this role, you should understand the regulations and standards relevant to your work, such as those set out by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) or the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM). Ensuring compliance with these regulations avoids potential legal issues and ensures your work’s quality and reliability.

Develop environmental awareness

Technicians play a key role in assessing and managing the environmental impact of projects. Developing a solid understanding of environmental principles and concerns can help you provide recommendations that are not just effective but also environmentally responsible.

Where the soil technician jobs are

Top companies

  • Bechtel
  • U.S. Department of Agriculture
  • Monsanto
  • WSP Global

Top states

  • California
  • Texas
  • Florida
  • New York
  • Illinois

Top job sites

  • zengig
  • LinkedIn
  • Glassdoor
  • USAJobs
  • EnvironmentalCareer


What qualifications are typically required for a soil technician role?

The qualifications for this role often include a high school diploma as a minimum requirement. However, many employers prefer candidates with an associate’s or bachelor’s degree in soil science, geology, environmental science, or a related field. 

Practical experience in soil testing and analysis, either through on-the-job training or internships, is also beneficial. Some roles may require specific certifications, such as a Certified Professional Soil Scientist (CPSS) credential.

What skills are important for a soil technician?

Essential skills include strong analytical skills, as they must analyze soil samples and interpret data. They should have a good understanding of soil science principles and laboratory procedures. 

Attention to detail is also crucial for accurate data collection and reporting. Physical stamina can be necessary for fieldwork, and technical skills are often required for using specialized equipment and software.

What are the typical duties of a soil technician?

Technicians usually collects and analyzes soil samples to determine their properties, such as composition, nutrient content, and drainage capabilities. They often conduct fieldwork, using specialized equipment to gather soil samples and perform laboratory tests on these samples. 

The results are then compiled into reports, which can be used to make decisions about land use, agriculture, construction, and environmental conservation.

What role does a soil technician play in construction projects?

They play an essential role in construction projects by analyzing the soil at a proposed construction site. Their analysis can reveal information about the soil’s bearing capacity, stability, and potential for compaction or erosion, which can influence the design and construction methods used for the project. They might also monitor soil conditions during construction to ensure safety and compliance with regulations.

How does a soil technician contribute to agricultural practices?

Their analyses can inform crop selection, irrigation, and fertilization decisions in the agricultural sector. By determining the soil’s nutrient content and other properties, they can help farmers optimize crop yields and use resources more efficiently. They may also identify any soil contamination that could affect crops.

What types of equipment does a soil technician use?

They use various types of equipment for soil sampling and testing. These can include augers, probes, shovels for collecting soil samples, and laboratory equipment such as microscopes, spectrometers, and pH meters for analyzing the samples. They may also use specialized software for data analysis and reporting.

What is the role of a soil technician in environmental conservation?

They contribute to environmental conservation by providing information about soil health and contamination. Their analyses can identify soil erosion, nutrient depletion, and pollution, which can inform conservation strategies. They may also monitor the success of conservation efforts by tracking changes in soil properties over time.

What safety considerations must a soil technician keep in mind?

They often work in the field and laboratories, both with specific safety considerations. Fieldwork can involve physical hazards such as extreme weather and rugged terrain, so appropriate safety gear and procedures are necessary. In the laboratory, technicians must safely handle chemicals and equipment to prevent accidents and exposure to harmful substances.

How does a soil technician work with other professionals?

They often work as part of a broader team, which can include agronomists, geologists, environmental scientists, and construction engineers. They contribute their soil analysis expertise to these teams, providing data that informs decisions in land use planning, agricultural management, construction projects, and environmental conservation.

What does a typical day look like for a soil technician?

The typical day can vary greatly depending on the specific job and current projects. It may involve fieldwork to collect soil samples, lab work to analyze them, data interpretation, and report writing. Some days might be spent outdoors at various sites, while others might be spent in a laboratory or office. Communication with team members and other stakeholders is also often a regular part of the day.