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Laboratory Analyst Career Guide

What is a laboratory analyst?

A laboratory analyst is a detail-oriented professional who typically works inside a laboratory. They are essential in a variety of industries, such as pharmaceuticals, energy, and environmental science. Their key role is to evaluate and interpret complex data, conduct tests, and complete detailed research work. They are typically involved in improving operational processes, quality, and safety measures that contribute significantly to an organization’s success.

Their work is critical in providing data to support the development, validation, and implementation of scientific methods and techniques. They play a vital role in producing useful reports for business decision-making and, sometimes, for the public’s safety and health. They provide essential insights, and the results of their work help enrich an institution’s knowledge base or inform its course of action.

Duties and responsibilities

A laboratory analyst carries out many tasks in their day-to-day job. Their responsibilities include analyzing samples from various sources to provide information on compounds or quantities of compounds present. They use various techniques to detect unknown substances, such as chromatography, spectroscopy, and microscopy. These professionals may also monitor product quality to ensure compliance with standards and regulations. They accurately record, interpret, and report the results of their findings.

Other duties include maintaining and operating standard laboratory equipment, for instance, centrifuges and titrators. They also prepare solutions for testing, calibrate equipment, and troubleshoot instruments when necessary. It’s their job to keep accurate records and ensure the laboratory remains a clean and safe environment to work in. Assuring correct data documentation and strict adherence to laboratory protocols is a key responsibility.

Work environment

The work environment of a laboratory analyst is primarily within a laboratory, which needs to adhere to strict safety standards. It’s a place that is well-lit, clean, and equipped with all necessary safety materials, such as eye wash stations, first aid kits, and fire extinguishers. Depending on the industry, laboratories may vary from clinical settings to research-oriented environments.

These analysts usually work alongside a team that includes laboratory technicians, scientists, and other analysts. Teamwork is an essential component, as it enables the sharing of knowledge, provides assistance for complex problems, and increases productivity. Although the work can sometimes be pressurized, especially when dealing with time-sensitive tests, careful attention to detail is always of utmost importance.

Typical work hours

Laboratory analysts typically work a full-time schedule of 40 hours per week, although this can vary depending on the organization’s needs. Their work hours can span normal business timings, or sometimes, they might have to work in shifts, including nights and weekends, especially in industries that require around-the-clock monitoring.

In some cases, overtime may be required to meet deadlines, complete projects, or handle emergencies. Despite the sometimes demanding schedule, this career can be rewarding and fulfilling, providing the chance to contribute meaningfully to research and development efforts in various fields.

How to become a laboratory analyst

This career guide section outlines the process of becoming a laboratory analyst. It elaborates on the key steps from acquiring the appropriate education, obtaining relevant certifications, and gaining essential work experience to securing the job.

Step 1: Obtain a bachelor’s degree

The first step is to acquire a bachelor’s degree. A degree in a science-related field like chemistry, biology, microbiology, or forensic science is often preferred. These programs typically take four years to complete and provide students with a strong foundation in the sciences and critical thinking and communication skills.

Step 2: Gain laboratory experience

Experience in a laboratory setting is invaluable for aspiring analysts. This can often be gained through internships or part-time jobs during undergraduate study. These experiences provide hands-on learning opportunities, helping students understand laboratory procedures, safety protocols, and how to use and maintain laboratory equipment.

Step 3: Pursue graduate studies (optional)

A master’s degree is not required, but it can provide an edge in the job market. A master’s degree program in a relevant field can enhance a candidate’s understanding of advanced lab procedures or specialized areas of study, such as molecular biology or biochemistry.

Step 4: Obtain relevant certifications

Several certification programs are available for these professionals, some of which employers may require. Certifications such as the American Chemical Society’s (ACS) Certified Chemist designation or the American Society for Clinical Pathology’s (ASCP) Medical Laboratory Scientist (MLS) certification validate a candidate’s proficiency and specialization, enhancing their career prospects.

Step 5: Develop necessary soft skills

Technical knowledge and expertise are important, but soft skills like attention to detail, organization, and communication are equally valuable in this role. Accuracy in recording and interpreting data is vital. Strong organizational skills are needed to manage multiple tests and results concurrently. Effective communication skills are crucial for presenting findings to colleagues, supervisors, or clients.

Step 6: Start job hunting

With the necessary education, experience, and certifications, you’re ready to start your job search. Look for positions that match your qualifications in various settings, including private labs, hospitals, pharmaceutical companies, and research institutions.

How much do laboratory analysts make?

Laboratory analyst salaries will vary by experience, industry, education, location, and organization size. In particular, the complexity of the work involved, the need for specialized knowledge, and the demand for analysts in different sectors can greatly affect compensation.

Highest paying industries

  • Pharmaceutical and Medicine Manufacturing – $80,000
  • Federal Executive Branch – $79,000
  • Scientific Research and Development Services – $75,000
  • Hospitals – $70,000
  • Colleges, Universities, and Professional Schools – $65,000

Highest paying states

  • California – $82,000
  • New Jersey – $79,500
  • Connecticut – $77,000
  • Massachusetts – $76,000
  • Washington – $73,000

Browse laboratory analyst salary data by market

Types of laboratory analysts

Below, we explore common career types and areas of specialization for laboratory analysts.

Quality control analyst

A professional in this role works to maintain the standard of products by performing routine tests on them. They conduct various tasks to ensure product quality, including chemical analysis, microbiological tests, and physical inspections. Because of their responsibility to ensure product quality, they play a significant role in the success of manufacturing and pharmaceutical companies.

Clinical laboratory technologist

The duties of this role predominantly occur within medical laboratories. Clinical laboratory technologists conduct tests on body fluids, tissues, and cells, helping diagnose diseases or monitor treatment plans. Extensive knowledge of complex testing procedures, med tech regulations, and meticulous attention to detail are essential attributes for this specialization.

Forensic lab analyst

Working closely with law enforcement, forensic lab analysts help solve criminal cases. They analyze crime scene evidence using specialized laboratory equipment and techniques, such as bodily fluids, hair, or fibers. It involves providing key evidence in criminal investigations and requires a strong understanding of forensic science and criminalistics.

Environmental analysis technician

These professionals specialize in studying environmental samples to detect pollutants and study their impact. They conduct various tests on soil, water, and air samples using laboratory equipment to measure pollution levels. Their work often contributes to the formation of environmental policies and regulations.

Research and development analyst

A research and development analyst works in various industries like pharmaceuticals, food science, and biotech. They perform research, developing new products or improving existing ones. Their duties mainly encompass experiment design, data analysis, and reporting findings to stakeholders. Excellent problem-solving skills and a strong scientific background are necessary for this career option.

Top skills for laboratory analysts

This career guide section outlines the skills and abilities that will help you find success as a laboratory analyst.

Analytical and problem-solving skills

As part of their daily tasks, they face complex problems and intricate data sets. A strong foundation in analytical and problem-solving capabilities is vital to make sense of these problems and data and develop suitable solutions or interpretations.

Technical abilities

Their technical capabilities should be strong, which involves operating various laboratory equipment and tools. Handling error messages, calibration issues, and ensuring accurate readings requires good technical skills.

Understanding of scientific methodologies

A broad understanding of scientific methodologies is an essential trait. This helps analysts to design and conduct experiments or tests effectively, keeping with scientific principles and achieving the highest levels of reliability in their results.


Paying close attention to detail is crucial. Even the slightest error or oversight can result in flawed results. Steps are often intricate and methodical; a detail-oriented mindset can significantly affect the outcome.

Communication skills

The ability to communicate findings clearly, whether in writing or verbally, is another critical skill. Good communication helps in reporting results accurately and liaising effectively with colleagues and superiors.

Laboratory analyst career path options

Embarking on a career as a laboratory analyst can lead down several rewarding professional paths. Lab analysts usually start their careers performing various tests and analyzing samples in a controlled environment. As your skills and expertise grow in this position, so do your career advancement opportunities.

Laboratory supervisor

With enough experience and skill, they can aspire to become laboratory supervisors. These professionals oversee the lab’s daily operations, guiding other analysts’ work. This position requires the ability to manage people and possess strong leadership skills.

Quality control manager

This role involves monitoring and improving the quality of laboratory output. As a quality control manager, you would set quality benchmarks, check lab results for compliance, make recommendations for improvement, and plan for corrective actions when necessary.

Research scientist

For those with a passion for discovery and innovation, progressing to the role of a research scientist can be highly fulfilling. This position typically involves conducting detailed studies, designing and carrying out experiments, and contributing fresh insights into a specific field.

Laboratory director

This is typically the most senior position within a laboratory setting. As a director, your job would involve strategic decision-making, setting the laboratory’s direction, and overseeing its performance. This position demands extensive experience and a strong management background.

Venture into specializations

Another route you might consider is specializing in a particular area of laboratory analysis. Some professionals choose a specific sector to specialize in, such as environmental analysis, pharmaceuticals, forensics, food analysis, or biomedical research. These roles allow you to combine your existing laboratory skills with additional expertise, providing an exciting direction for professional development.

The field of laboratory analysis is evolving rapidly with the constant advent of new technologies. Notably, automation and digitalization are two key transformative trends affecting this industry. Incorporating automated systems in labs has streamlined processes, from sample preparation to data analysis, significantly improving productivity and accuracy. This trend continues, infusing the field with more advanced automated technologies.

Simultaneously, digitalization has revolutionized how laboratory data is managed and analyzed. The increased use of Laboratory Information Management Systems (LIMS) allows for better data and workflow management, leading to enhanced precision and consistency in results. Digitalization also aids in real-time data sharing, fostering improved collaborations between labs and other departments.

With labs striving for more environmentally friendly practices, ‘green’ labs constitute another emerging trend. This involves adopting techniques that reduce energy consumption, minimize waste, and encourage recycling. Laboratories adopting green initiatives contribute to environmental sustainability and witness cost and resource savings over time.

Employment projections

Based on information from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the overall employment of chemical technicians, which includes laboratory analysts, is projected to grow 4 percent through 2031. This is about as fast as the average for all occupations. In the private and public sectors, this growth rate may vary depending on budgetary allocations for research in the respective sectors.

Laboratory analyst career tips

Stay current with industry trends

One of the best ways to stand out is consistently staying updated with the latest industry trends and practices. This includes new methodologies in data analysis, laboratory technology advancements, and safety protocol updates. By keeping an eye on the latest developments and incorporating them into your work as and when appropriate, you will demonstrate your commitment to ongoing learning and maintaining a high standard of work.

Acquire relevant certifications

Certifications strongly validate your specialized skills and deepen your knowledge in specified areas of laboratory research or analysis. It can range from courses that enhance your analytical skills to those that help you understand complex data software. Some highly beneficial certifications include:

  • Certified Professional Chemist (CPC)
  • Specialist Microbiology Technologist (SMT)
  • Data Analysis and Visualization with Python

Build a professional network

Building a strong network of other professionals in the same field can significantly enhance your career. Not only can this help with your current job, but it can also present you with lucrative opportunities in the future. Joining relevant professional bodies and participating in industry forums can help academics and industry professionals recognize your expertise. Relevant professional networks include:

  • American Society for Clinical Laboratory Science (ASCLS)
  • American Chemical Society (ACS)
  • The Association of Clinical Biochemists (ACB)
  • Society for Laboratory Automation and Screening (SLAS)

Embrace continuous learning

With an ever-evolving field like laboratory analysis, continuous learning is vital. Be it new analyzers, equipment, or software, being open to learning new techniques and technology can increase your efficiency and quality of work. Couple this with regular training to help keep your skills fresh and up-to-date. Here are a few areas where you could enhance your knowledge:

  • New laboratory equipment handling
  • Latest data analysis and visualization software
  • Advanced statistical analysis methods
  • Updates in laboratory safety protocols

Where the laboratory analyst jobs are

Top employers

  • Eurofins Scientific
  • Bureau Veritas
  • Alexion Pharmaceuticals
  • SGS
  • Thermo Fisher Scientific

Top states

  • California
  • Michigan
  • Colorado
  • New Jersey
  • Texas

Top job sites

  • zengig
  • Indeed
  • Monster
  • Scientific American
  • LinkedIn


What is the key role of a laboratory analyst?

Their key role is to analyze samples using scientific techniques, document findings accurately, and present reports with clarity. They use different methodologies and work with a variety of substances, including blood, tissues, and chemicals.

What skills are most important for a laboratory analyst?

Skills vital to this position include understanding scientific methodologies, familiarity with laboratory procedures, excellent problem-solving abilities, and great attention to detail. Solid computer skills are also needed to document and present findings.

Where do laboratory analysts typically work?

They usually work within laboratories in various settings, ranging from hospitals and clinics to research centers and pharmaceutical companies. Some also work within academia or for state or federal government agencies.

What type of education is necessary for a laboratory analyst?

Most positions require a bachelor’s degree in chemistry, biology, or another science-related field. Some positions might require a master’s degree or additional specialized training, depending on the complexity of the work.

What are the day-to-day tasks of a laboratory analyst?

Most days, they are involved in sampling, testing, measuring, recording, and analyzing results as part of a scientific team. Their work largely involves intricate technical tasks requiring consistent attention to detail and protocol.

What kind of growth opportunities exist for laboratory analysts?

They can grow into roles with more responsibility, such as senior-level analyst, laboratory manager, or director. Additional training and education, like a master’s degree or a Ph.D., may pave the way to a higher-level career progression.

What are the more challenging aspects of being a laboratory analyst?

The nature of work that revolves around consistency, precision, and attention to detail may make the role challenging for some. The need for continuous learning and staying updated with advancements in the industry can also be demanding.

Are laboratory analysts in high demand?

The demand varies depending on the specific industry; however, with the rise in technology and focus on research and development, there is generally a good demand for skilled laboratory analysts. Health and pharmaceutical industries often have a steady demand.

Do laboratory analysts work regular hours?

Most roles typically operate during regular business hours. However, depending on the organization and specific role, some analysts may have to work evenings, weekends, or on a rotating schedule.

Is it stressful being a laboratory analyst?

It can have stressful moments, such as when tight deadlines are to be met or ensuring that test results are accurate. However, it also provides a rewarding experience and a sense of accomplishment when complex tests are successful.