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Mock Interviews: What It Is & How to Prepare

Female wearing headphones typing on her computer writing down her questions on what to ask during a mock interview

You’ve probably come across the term “mock interview” during your job search, but what exactly does that mean, and how can it give you an edge in today’s competitive job market? Explore this comprehensive guide to find out what they are and how they can be your secret weapon to landing your dream job. Whether you’re a recent graduate or a seasoned professional looking to transition into a new role, mastering the art of the mock interview can elevate your confidence, refine your responses, and set you up for success.

What is a mock interview?

At its core, a mock interview is a simulated job interview. It’s a practice session designed to mimic a real-life interview scenario. The goal? To prepare you for the real deal. But let’s dive a little deeper, shall we?

Imagine this: You’ve got a big exam coming up, and you’re allowed to take a practice test beforehand. Although the questions aren’t exactly the same, they provide insight into the structure, the type of questions you might encounter, and how best to approach them. That practice test is to your exam what a mock interview is to your job interview.

You’re paired with someone – a career coach, a friend, or even an experienced professional from your desired industry. They’ll act as the interviewer, posing questions you might encounter during the real interview. At the end of this session, you’ll receive feedback on your responses, body language, and overall interview demeanor.

Essentially, they provide a unique opportunity to refine and perfect your interviewing skills. It’s a rehearsal for the big day, so you can put your best foot forward when it counts the most.

What to expect in a mock interview

When participating in this simulation, expect it to closely mirror a natural interview setting. From the greeting at the start to the final handshake (or the digital sign-offs in virtual setups), every aspect is designed to emulate the genuine experience. You’ll often be asked to dress as you would for an actual interview to be mentally and physically prepared for the occasion. This includes everything from your attire to any materials or portfolios you might need to present.  

Your interviewer will come prepared with questions tailored to your target job or industry. Some might be general, while others may dive deep into technical specifics or situational challenges. One of the reasons they are so useful is that they cover a broad spectrum, prepping you for unexpected curveballs and more predictable topics.

As the session unfolds, remember that this is a learning opportunity. You might be thrown off by certain questions or stumble over answers, even if you’ve rehearsed them a dozen times. That’s okay! It’s all part of the process.

After the questioning, expect feedback, which is one of the most valuable aspects. Your interviewer will share insights into your strengths and areas for improvement and may even offer techniques or strategies to articulate your points better. They’ll note everything from the content of your answers to your non-verbal cues, providing a comprehensive assessment.

Benefits of mock interviews

Increased confidence

One of the most noticeable benefits is the significant boost in confidence. Answering questions, adapting your answers, and receiving feedback will help you sound natural and comfortable. When you walk into the actual interview, you do so with the assurance that you’ve faced these challenges before, giving you an edge in the confidence department.

Constructive feedback

Mock interviews offer a safe space to receive feedback. This isn’t about critique for critique’s sake but genuine, constructive feedback. From the specifics of your answers to your body language and even the tone of voice, you get a complete picture of your interview performance. This feedback is a roadmap, showing you areas of improvement and highlighting your strengths.

Reduced anxiety

Fear is reduced by familiarity. Experiencing an interview’s format, rhythm, and style in a mock setting naturally reduces the anxiety associated with the unknown. You’ve been through the motions, tackled the tough questions, and perfected your responses, so when the real interview comes around, it’s just another session, only with higher stakes.

Practice in real-time

Reading about potential questions or rehearsing in front of a mirror is one thing, but nothing beats real-time practice. You’ll have to think on your feet, adapt to unexpected questions, and learn to maintain composure under pressure. It’s the real-world experience without the real-world consequences.

Refining your personal story

Every interviewee has a story – a unique blend of experiences, skills, and aspirations. Mock interviews give you the platform to weave and refine your narrative, ensuring that when asked, “Tell me about yourself” or “Why this role?” you can respond with a compelling, concise, and memorable story. It should be relevant and tailored to the job at hand, so allow yourself to be flexible. Rather than a one-size-fits-all story, your narrative should evolve with each new opportunity.

How to set up a mock interview

Identify the right interviewer

Choosing who will conduct your unofficial interview is pivotal. Ideally, you’d want someone with experience in the hiring process or familiar with your target industry. It could be a mentor, a colleague, or even a professional career coach. Their feedback will be invaluable since they understand what potential employers are looking for. If you’re in school or college, your career center might offer mock services, which can be an excellent starting point.

Set clear objectives

While the ultimate goal is to prepare for a job interview, consider what you specifically want to achieve. Are you looking to improve your answers to behavioral questions? Do you want to practice handling stress questions or want feedback on your body language? Sharing these objectives with your interviewer will ensure the session is tailored to address your concerns and areas of growth.

Choose a suitable venue

The location of the interview plays a significant role in setting the tone. A quiet, professional setting like an office or a study room is ideal if it’s in person. When done virtually, ensure you have a stable internet connection, a clear camera, and a distraction-free background. The more you can emulate a real interview environment, the better prepared you’ll be.

Provide context and background

To make the session as realistic as possible, share your job description, resume, and other relevant material with the interviewer beforehand. Based on this context, they can then craft questions and scenarios that closely reflect what you might experience in an interview. Additionally, it gives them a better sense of who you are and how you think, ultimately helping them evaluate your fit for the job.

Schedule a feedback session

While the exercise itself is instrumental, the feedback that follows is where the true value lies. Allocate ample time post-interview for a thorough feedback session – it will allow you to understand your strengths and areas for improvement and gain insights into aspects of the interview you might not have noticed. Make sure to take notes and keep track of what is discussed during the session so that you can refer back to them later. 

Adopt the right mindset

As you set up, approach it with the seriousness and professionalism of an actual job interview. This mindset will help you immerse yourself in the experience, ensuring you reap the maximum benefits. Come prepared, show enthusiasm and interest in the opportunity, and ask questions to show your engagement and curiosity. Remember, this is a learning opportunity, so embrace the feedback, refine your skills, and grow confidently.

How to prepare for a mock interview

Do your research

Before you face any interview, knowledge is power. Spend time researching the company or industry you’re targeting. Don’t just glance at the company’s website; dive deep into their history, mission, recent news, and company culture. Visit their social media accounts as well to get a sense of the day-to-day work environment. Prepare a list of key points you can mention during the interview. Doing so allows you to tailor your answers to align with the company’s values and objectives during the session.

Know your resume inside out

Your resume is more than just a document—it’s a snapshot of your professional journey. It should be tailored to the job you’re applying for and highlight your most relevant experiences and achievements. You must be familiar with every detail, from job roles to projects. Expect questions around any point you’ve mentioned, so be prepared to discuss and elaborate on your experiences and skills.

Need help tailoring your resume? We suggest using a professional resume service like BeamJobs!

Craft and refine your answers

While you want to avoid sounding rehearsed, having a foundation for common interview questions is crucial. Develop your responses to staples like “What are your strengths and weaknesses?” or “Describe a challenging situation you faced at work.” Use the STAR (Situation, Task, Action, Result) method to structure your answers effectively. Once you’ve crafted an answer, practice it out loud. Make sure your answers provide a clear picture of why you’re the best candidate for the job. 

Practice your non-verbal communication

Communication goes beyond words. Body language, eye contact, posture, and a firm handshake all play pivotal roles in how you’re perceived. Practice your interview body language by sitting confidently, maintaining good eye contact, and ensuring your gestures and expressions align with your words. Also, don’t forget to smile! A genuine smile can go a long way in showing employers how eager you are for the job. 

Prepare questions for your interviewer

At the end of most interviews, you’ll be given the chance to ask questions. This is your opportunity to demonstrate your genuine interest and curiosity. Prepare a list of insightful questions about the company, team, or role based on the information you collected during your initial research. Be sure they are open-ended and cannot be answered with a simple yes or no. Test these questions to gauge the interviewer’s response and adjust accordingly.

Dress the part

While it might be a simulation, dressing as you would for the real interview is essential in setting the right mindset. Choose professional attire that aligns with the company culture you’re targeting. Make sure everything fits beforehand and that you’re comfortable in your clothing. It’s not just about looking the part—it’s about feeling it too.

A safe bet for most job interviews is to wear a suit, but if you’re applying to a more casual workplace, you can opt for dress pants and a nice blouse or a dress. Keep your jewelry and makeup minimal, and make sure your hair is neat and out of your face. Avoid wearing too much perfume or cologne; you don’t want to overwhelm the interviewer with a strong scent.

Frequently asked generic interview questions to practice

Getting a sense of commonly asked questions can be a real game-changer, allowing you to practice and perfect your answers. Here’s a list of frequent interview questions that you should consider practicing:

Remember, while having thought-out responses to these questions is essential, it’s equally important to be genuine and authentic in your answers. Employers can usually tell when responses are overly rehearsed or insincere. Practicing these questions in a simulated interview can help you achieve the right balance between preparation and authenticity.

For additional practice, check out our interview question and answer generator!