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Treasury Manager Career Guide

What is a treasury manager?

A treasury manager is a finance professional who oversees an organization’s financial activity, including cash management, investment strategies, risk mitigation, and financial planning. They are necessary for maintaining an organization’s financial health and liquidity, managing capital, and ensuring the company has the funds necessary for its operations and strategic goals.

The importance of the role lies in their ability to effectively manage an organization’s finances to ensure stability, profitability, and growth. These professionals provide valuable financial insight and strategy, contributing to the company’s overall financial management and decision-making processes.

Duties and responsibilities

The key responsibility of a treasury manager is to manage an organization’s financial assets. Professionals in this role oversee cash flow, manage banking relationships, and design investment strategies to maximize returns and minimize financial risk. They also ensure that the organization has sufficient liquidity to meet its short-term obligations and long-term financial goals.

Additionally, these managers often play a role in financial planning and forecasting, working closely with other financial leaders within the organization. They may also be involved in activities such as managing corporate insurance programs, conducting financial risk assessments, and ensuring compliance with financial regulations and standards.

Work environment

Treasury managers typically work in an office setting, often within an organization’s finance or accounting department. They frequently interact with other finance professionals and senior management to provide financial updates and strategic advice. The role requires a high level of analytical skill, attention to detail, and a comprehensive understanding of financial markets and instruments.

The work can be fast-paced and high-pressure, particularly during financial reporting periods or times of financial uncertainty. However, it also offers the opportunity to contribute to an organization’s financial strategy and success significantly.

Typical work hours

Treasury managers generally work full-time during regular business hours. However, like many roles in finance, the job can sometimes require longer hours, particularly at the end of fiscal periods or during critical financial projects. 

Despite the role’s demands, this career offers the potential for significant influence within an organization. It can be rewarding for those interested in financial strategy and management.

How to become a treasury manager

Becoming a treasury manager requires a combination of formal education in finance, relevant work experience, and a strong understanding of financial management principles. The steps below provide a comprehensive guide to entering this field.

Step 1: Obtain a bachelor’s degree

The first step is to earn a bachelor’s degree. This role’s most common fields of study include finance, accounting, economics, or business administration. These disciplines provide the foundational knowledge in financial management principles that a treasury manager needs.

Step 2: Gain relevant work experience

After obtaining a degree, gaining relevant work experience in finance or treasury roles is crucial. This could be in roles such as financial analyst, accountant, or treasury analyst. Experience allows you to understand the practical aspects of financial management, including financial reporting, investment management, and risk assessment.

Step 3: Consider a master’s degree or professional certification

While not always required, many managers choose to further their education by obtaining a master’s degree in finance or business administration (MBA) or professional certifications such as Certified Treasury Professional (CTP) or Chartered Financial Analyst (CFA). These advanced qualifications can enhance your knowledge and credibility in the field.

You may also pursue one of these specializations offered via Coursera. They are both fully online with flexible deadlines, and you’ll earn a shareable certificate upon completion:

Step 4: Develop strong analytical and leadership skills

As a treasury manager, you will need strong analytical skills to interpret complex financial data and make strategic decisions. Leadership skills are also essential as you will manage a team and collaborate with other departments. 

These skills can be developed through on-the-job experience, training programs, and further education. Many people have found this Udemy course helpful: Business Leadership & Management.

Step 5: Gain experience in a managerial role

Before stepping into this role, having experience in a managerial role within finance or treasury is beneficial. This could be as a team leader or a supervisor. This experience will allow you to develop your leadership skills and deepen your understanding of treasury management.

How much do treasury managers make?

The salary of a treasury manager can vary depending on several factors, including the size and industry of the organization, geographical location, level of experience, and educational background. Treasury managers working in larger corporations or industries with complex financial needs often earn more than their counterparts in smaller organizations.

Experience plays a significant role in determining their salary. Those with several years of experience in finance or treasury roles, particularly professionals with a proven track record of managing risks and improving financial efficiency, typically command higher salaries.

Geographical location is another factor that can affect pay. Managers in areas with a higher cost of living or a high concentration of corporate headquarters, such as major metropolitan areas, often earn more.

Highest paying industries

  • Finance – $130,464
  • Management of Companies and Enterprises – $120,435
  • Insurance Carriers – $115,066
  • Credit Intermediation – $110,089
  • Manufacturing – $115,888

Highest paying states

  • New York – $135,500
  • California – $130,126
  • New Jersey – $125,456
  • Massachusetts – $120,858
  • Illinois – $115,098

Browse treasury manager salary data by market

Types of treasury managers

In this career guide section, we explore the types of treasury managers. Their responsibilities can vary based on the specific organization’s size, industry, and financial needs.

Cash management treasury manager

Cash management treasury managers specialize in managing the organization’s cash flow. Their role entails overseeing accounts payable and receivable, managing short-term borrowing and investments, and ensuring the organization has sufficient liquidity to meet its current obligations. They often work closely with other departments to forecast cash needs and optimize cash use.

Risk management treasury manager

These treasury managers focus on identifying and mitigating financial risks that could impact the organization. This could include currency, interest rate, commodity price, and counterparty risks. They hedge these risks using various financial instruments, such as futures, options, and swaps.

Corporate finance treasury manager

Treasury managers working in corporate finance are involved in the strategic financial decisions of the organization. These professionals manage capital structure, handle long-term investments and funding, and make decisions about dividends and share repurchases. They also liaise with external stakeholders such as banks, investors, and rating agencies.

Treasury operations manager

Professionals in this role oversee the operational aspects of the treasury function. These managers ensure that transactions are processed correctly, systems are running efficiently, and data is accurately recorded. They often work closely with the IT and accounting departments.

Treasury compliance manager

Treasury compliance managers ensure that the organization’s treasury activities comply with financial regulations and internal policies. Their responsibilities include keeping current with regulatory changes, implementing compliance procedures, and conducting internal audits. They also handle reporting to regulatory bodies.

Investment manager

In the context of a treasury department, investment managers handle the organization’s surplus cash. They decide where to invest this cash to achieve a good return while managing risk. This could involve investing in money market instruments, bonds, or other securities.

Foreign exchange manager

These managers handle an organization’s foreign currency exposure. Their job is to manage foreign currency payments and receipts, decide when to exchange currencies, and use financial instruments to hedge foreign exchange risk. They also monitor exchange rates and make forecasts.

Pension fund manager

In some organizations, especially larger ones, the treasury department may manage the company’s pension fund. Pension fund managers oversee the investment of the pension fund’s assets, manage its liabilities, and ensure it can meet its future obligations.

Top skills for treasury managers

A treasury manager with strong financial acumen can significantly contribute to an organization’s economic health and stability, as they need to deeply understand financial principles, cash management, and investment strategies. This knowledge allows them to make informed decisions about where and when to allocate resources, how to optimize cash flow, and how to maximize returns on investments.

Risk management skills are important for managers to identify, evaluate, and mitigate financial risks, including currency fluctuations, interest rate changes, and liquidity risks. Understanding these risks and how to manage them can protect the organization from unexpected financial losses and ensure stable financial operations.

Professionals in this role must develop financial strategies that align with the organization’s long-term goals and adapt these strategies as the business environment changes. Strategic planning enables the treasury manager to anticipate future financial needs, plan for growth, and contribute to the organization’s overall strategic direction.

These managers must clearly convey complex financial information to executives, board members, and other stakeholders. They also need to negotiate with banks and other financial institutions. Effective communication can facilitate better decision-making, foster productive relationships, and enhance the organization’s financial strategies.

Finally, knowledge of financial technologies is essential for a treasury manager. They often use advanced software for cash management, financial analysis, and risk assessment. Familiarity with these technologies can streamline financial operations, provide valuable insights, and enhance the accuracy of financial forecasting.

Treasury manager career path

The career path toward becoming a treasury manager often begins with an entry-level role in finance or accounting, such as a financial analyst or accountant. These roles provide a strong foundation in financial management principles and practices.

As you gain experience and demonstrate competence in financial management, you may advance to more specialized roles within the treasury function, such as a treasury analyst or treasury associate. These roles involve managing cash flow, forecasting financial needs, and managing relationships with banks and other financial institutions.

With several years of experience in treasury functions and a proven ability to manage complex financial operations, you may be promoted to a treasury manager role. In this position, you’ll oversee all treasury activities, including cash management, investment strategies, risk management, and financial planning.

With substantial experience and demonstrated leadership skills, you may progress to senior roles such as senior treasury manager or director. These roles involve a higher level of strategic planning, managing a team of treasury professionals, and making critical decisions that affect the company’s financial health.

Ultimately, some managers may advance to executive roles such as chief financial officer (CFO) or treasurer, overseeing an organization’s entire financial strategy and operations.

The role of treasury managers is evolving due to technological advancements, regulatory changes, and shifts in the global economy. One significant trend is the increasing use of digital technologies in treasury management. 

This includes treasury management systems, predictive analytics, artificial intelligence, and blockchain technology. These managers are expected to be adept at leveraging these technologies to enhance efficiency, manage risks, and provide strategic insights.

Another key trend is the growing importance of risk management in treasury functions. With increasing financial volatility and complexity, managers are crucial in managing financial risks, including currency, interest rate, and liquidity risks. This requires a deep understanding of financial markets, advanced analytical skills, and strategic thinking.

In addition, regulatory changes are impacting the role. They must stay up-to-date with the latest regulatory developments and ensure their organizations comply with these regulations.

Employment projections for treasury managers

The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) categorizes treasury managers under the broader category of ‘Financial Managers.’ According to the latest data, employment in this category is projected to grow 17 percent through 2031, much faster than the average for all occupations. 

This growth is driven by the need for risk management, cash management, and strategic planning in almost every business. Job prospects should be best for those with a master’s degree in finance or a related field, certification, and a strong understanding of international finance and complex financial documents.

Treasury manager career tips

Understand financial markets

As a treasury manager, having a deep understanding of financial markets, including trends, risks, and opportunities, is crucial. This knowledge will enable you to make informed cash management, investment, and risk mitigation decisions.

Develop strong analytical skills

Treasury management involves analyzing financial data to guide investment decisions, risk management, and financial planning. Strong analytical skills can help you interpret this data effectively and make strategic decisions that benefit your organization.

Master relevant software and tools

Becoming proficient in treasury management systems and financial analysis software can significantly enhance your efficiency and effectiveness. Mastery of these tools can also enable you to provide accurate financial forecasts and reports.

Build a professional network

Building a network of other professionals in your field can provide learning, collaboration, and career advancement opportunities. Consider joining professional organizations related to treasury management, such as:

  • Association for Financial Professionals (AFP)
  • The Association of Corporate Treasurers (ACT)

Improve negotiation skills

Treasury managers often need to negotiate with banks, vendors, and other parties regarding terms of financial agreements. Improving your negotiation skills can help you secure more favorable terms for your organization.

Commit to continuous learning

The field of treasury management is continually evolving, with new strategies, technologies, and regulations emerging regularly. Continuous learning can help you stay updated with these changes, increasing your effectiveness in your role. Here are some ways to engage in continuous learning:

  • Attend workshops, seminars, and conferences in financial management
  • Pursue advanced certifications in treasury or financial management
  • Stay informed about the latest research and best practices in treasury management through industry publications

Strengthen leadership abilities

As a manager, you must lead your team effectively, setting goals, providing guidance, and fostering a positive work environment. Strengthening your leadership abilities can help you motivate and develop your team, improving their performance and job satisfaction.

Understand and comply with regulations

Treasury management involves a variety of regulatory requirements, such as those related to financial reporting, risk management, and compliance. Understanding these regulations and ensuring your organization complies with them is crucial to your role.

Develop a risk management mindset

Risk management is a crucial component of treasury management, involving identifying, assessing, and mitigating financial risks. Developing a risk management mindset can help you protect your organization’s financial health and stability.

Focus on cost efficiency

One of the primary responsibilities in the role is to manage the organization’s cash flow efficiently. This includes optimizing investments and expenditures, reducing costs where possible, and ensuring funds are available when needed. Focusing on cost efficiency can help your organization maximize its financial resources.

Where the treasury manager jobs are

Top companies

  • JPMorgan Chase & Co.
  • Bank of America Corporation
  • Wells Fargo
  • Citigroup Inc.
  • Goldman Sachs

Top states

  • New York
  • California
  • Illinois
  • Texas
  • North Carolina

Top job sites

  • zengig
  • LinkedIn
  • Glassdoor
  • eFinancialCareers
  • Simply Hired


What does a treasury manager typically do on a daily basis?

They oversee an organization’s financial activity, including its investment portfolio, cash management, and financial risk management. Typical daily tasks can include:

  • Monitoring cash flow
  • Developing financial strategies
  • Managing relationships with financial institutions
  • Overseeing the treasury team
  • Ensuring compliance with financial regulations and company policies

What skills are most important for a treasury manager?

Key skills include robust financial analysis and forecasting skills, a deep understanding of financial markets, risk management capabilities, and knowledge of treasury management software. They also need strong leadership skills, as they often lead a team, and excellent communication skills to present financial strategies to senior management and other stakeholders.

Can a treasury manager work remotely?

While some tasks can be performed remotely, the feasibility of remote work can depend on the specific job and organization. These managers often need to collaborate with other departments, meet with senior management, and manage their team, which can sometimes be more effective in person. 

However, with the availability of digital communication and financial management tools, remote work is increasingly possible in this role.

What are the main challenges faced by a treasury manager?

Professionals in this role often face challenges such as managing financial risk, forecasting cash flow accurately, staying updated on financial regulations and market conditions, and making strategic financial decisions under uncertainty. They must also lead their team effectively and communicate complex financial information to non-financial stakeholders.

What role does technology play in a treasury manager’s job?

Technology plays a significant role in their job. These professionals often use treasury management systems (TMS) to manage cash flow, monitor financial risk, and analyze financial data. They may also use other financial software for financial reporting and forecasting tasks. Staying updated on the latest financial technology and leveraging it effectively is vital for their role.

What is the role of a treasury manager in financial risk management?

In financial risk management, they are responsible for identifying and managing financial risks that could impact the organization’s financial health. This can include risks related to currency exchange rates, interest rates, credit, liquidity, and more. Professionals in this role use various strategies and financial instruments to mitigate these risks, such as diversification, hedging, and insurance.

How does a treasury manager contribute to an organization’s financial strategy?

A treasury manager contributes to an organization’s financial strategy by managing its financial resources and risks effectively. They develop strategies for optimizing cash flow, investing surplus funds, and managing financial risks. 

Their responsibilities also include providing financial forecasts and analysis to inform strategic decision-making and ensuring that the organization’s financial operations align with its strategic goals.

What is the career progression for a treasury manager?

Career progression can involve moving up to roles with greater responsibility in an organization’s financial management, such as director of treasury or CFO. They may also specialize in a specific area of treasury management or move into broader financial management or strategic roles. Continued professional development and certification can enhance career progression opportunities.

What kind of education is usually required for a treasury manager?

Most roles require a bachelor’s degree in finance, economics, business administration, or a related field. Many employers prefer candidates with an MBA or finance. Professional certifications, such as Certified Treasury Professional, can also be beneficial.

What types of industries employ treasury managers?

They are employed in a variety of industries. Any organization that manages significant financial resources or has complex financial operations may hire someone for this role. This includes sectors like finance, manufacturing, retail, healthcare, technology, and more.