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Landscape Architect Career Guide

What is a landscape architect?

A landscape architect is a professional who designs outdoor spaces that are both functional and attractive. These areas may include public parks, gardens, commercial centers, residential areas, and college campuses. They strategically plan the location of buildings, walkways, flowers, trees, and other landscape elements to create spaces that blend with the natural environment while also meeting their clients’ aesthetic and practical preferences. What separates these architects from other design professionals is their advanced knowledge of the environment. They are skilled at choosing plants and other elements that thrive in different environmental conditions, considering factors like climate, soil type, and the amount of sunlight a particular location receives.

They will first conceptualize areas in a way that enhances the aesthetic appeal while ensuring functionality. Secondly, they devise plans to ensure the created spaces are sustainable and do not negatively affect the environment. Their work serves an important role in society; they create beautiful spaces that make towns and cities more enjoyable to live in and contribute to conserving the environment and reducing pollution.

Duties and responsibilities

A landscape architect has a broad set of duties and responsibilities. Core tasks may include meeting with clients to understand their requirements and budget, creating detailed plans and drawings of landscape design proposals, and coordinating with contractors and other professionals to implement the designs. They must also predict potential environmental impacts and recommend suitable plants and design elements.

These professionals often have to undertake feasibility studies and prepare and present design proposals to clients or community groups. They may also be responsible for overseeing the progress of projects and ensuring that the final result sticks closely to the original plan. Their role can be deeply collaborative, requiring regular communication with clients, contractors, and other professionals involved in a project.

Work environment

The work environment of a landscape architect can be quite diverse. They typically split their time between working in an office, where they design plans and meet with clients, and being on-site to oversee the execution of their designs and solve issues that arise during the implementation process. They can be hired by a variety of organizations, including government bodies, landscape architectural firms, design consultations, or real estate developers. The job can be physically demanding at times, as it often involves visiting and inspecting outdoor sites under varying weather conditions.

Typical work hours

Landscape architects typically work full-time, with around 40-hour work weeks. However, overtime may be required to meet deadlines, particularly when large projects are in their implementation phase. The nature of their work may dictate some irregular hours. For instance, meetings with clients can happen during evenings or weekends, depending on their availability. Additionally, site visits and inspections may need to occur at various times throughout the day to assess lighting, traffic patterns, and other environmental variables.

How to become a landscape architect

This career guide section outlines the process of becoming a landscape architect. The journey to this profession includes specific educational achievements, required certifications, and essential professional experience.

Step 1: Earn a high school diploma

The first step is completing high school. It’s beneficial to focus on mathematics, science, and art as these subjects are integral to the landscape architecture profession. Also, taking courses related to computer-aided design (CAD) can be an advantage.

Step 2: Obtain a bachelor’s degree in landscape architecture

After completing high school, aspirants need to earn a bachelor’s degree in landscape architecture (BLA) or similar design field. This degree spans four to five years and offers courses in design, planning, site management, and related subjects. Additionally, the program may include practical training or internships that provide hands-on experience.

Step 3: Complete an internship

An internship is vital in gaining practical experience. Many degree programs include internships as a part of their curriculum. Internships help students gain real-world exposure, network within the industry, and build a professional portfolio. These experiences are quite valuable when competing for job opportunities.

Step 4: Obtain licensure

In most states, landscape architects need a license to practice. The requirements, however, can vary from state to state. Generally, to get licensed, you must hold a degree from a program accredited by the Landscape Architectural Accreditation Board (LAAB), complete an internship, and pass the Landscape Architect Registration Examination (LARE).

Step 5: Gain professional experience

Though licensing is a significant step, gaining professional experience is equally important. Many employers prefer architects with hands-on experience in the field. Work experience in an architecture or design firm, where you can gain expertise in project management and delivering presentations, is often desirable.

Step 6: Pursue advanced certifications

Going beyond the necessary requirements can often set you apart in the field of landscape architecture. Obtaining advanced certifications, such as that offered by the Council of Landscape Architectural Registration Boards (CLARB) or specializing in a niche area like sustainable design, may give you a competitive edge in your job search.

Step 7: Update and maintain your skills

Like many professions, landscape architecture is constantly evolving. Staying updated with technological advances like CAD software and staying informed about changes in environmental policies can be beneficial. Continuous learning and skill enhancements pave the way for career advancements and job security.

How much do landscape architects make?

Landscape architect salaries will vary by experience, industry, education, location, and organization size. Certification from the landscape architecture certification councils and a professional license can significantly impact compensation due to the specialized nature of this work.

Highest paying industries

  • Residential Building Construction – $92,250
  • Natural Gas Distribution – $86,710
  • Land Subdivision – $84,320
  • Architectural and Engineering – $82,880
  • Local Government – $81,730

Highest paying states

  • California – $104,420
  • New Jersey – $97,700
  • Connecticut – $96,510
  • Massachusetts – $92,780
  • New York – $90,570

Browse landscape architect salary data by market

Types of landscape architects

Below, we explore common career types and areas of specialization for landscape architects. This section provides a closer look at individual roles within the industry and their unique descriptions.

Residential landscape architect

Practitioners of this career path focus on enhancing the aesthetics and functionality of residential spaces. They design outdoor spaces like gardens, patios, and lawns, considering factors such as soil type, climate, and client preferences.

Urban planner

Architects specializing in urban planning help design and optimize city spaces to accommodate population and lifestyle changes. They work on public parks, city squares, and pedestrian routes, improving quality of life and promoting sustainability.

Recreational landscape architect

Professionals in this role focus on areas used for leisure and recreation, designing landscapes for theme parks, resorts, golf courses, etc. The work involves understanding the purpose of the space and designing it to maximize enjoyment and safety while maintaining the environment’s integrity.

Environmental restoration planner

In this role, an architect’s primary focus is restoring degraded ecosystems. This means collaborating with environmental scientists to design and implement restoration projects in areas such as wetlands, forests, or abandoned mining sites. They also educate and involve the local community to promote sustainable practices and ecological awareness.

Commercial landscape architect

Landscape architects in this role manage the design and maintenance of outdoor commercial spaces such as shopping centers, business parks, and hotel grounds. They work closely with other experts to ensure these spaces are visually appealing while being optimally functional and environment-friendly.

Top skills for landscape architects

This career guide section outlines the skills and abilities that will help you find success as a landscape architect.

Design and creative skills

Being able to visualize and create aesthetically pleasing, functional outdoor spaces is a key characteristic of this profession. Understanding elements of design such as scale, balance, and even color theory can greatly impact your success.

Technical knowledge

In-depth knowledge of horticulture, soil science, and construction methods is essential. Familiarity with Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and CAD software can also be beneficial, as many firms utilize these technologies in their work.

Environmental sensitivity

A deep understanding of the environment and sustainable design practices is vital. As a professional in this field, you ought to illustrate a commitment to creating designs that enhance the natural beauty of a space and are environmentally conscious.

Communication skills

Effective communication with clients, contractors, and other stakeholders is crucial in delivering successful projects. This includes understanding and interpreting client needs and effectively relaying design ideas and project plans.

Problem-solving abilities

In careers such as landscape architecture, it’s critical to be an effective problem solver. There will always be challenges or unforeseen issues on a project, so being able to think on your feet to find innovative solutions is key.

Landscape architect career path options

As a landscape architect, you have various promising career paths to consider. Your future trajectory may differ based on your unique interests and where you want to see yourself in the coming years. Every journey is different, but there are some common routes many individuals in the field tend to follow.

Career advancement

Many start their careers working for design firms or government organizations. Over time, you’ll gain experience and knowledge that can open doors to higher-level positions such as project managers or lead designers. These roles entail more responsibility and often involve overseeing the work of junior colleagues and partnering with clients and stakeholders.


If you have a particular interest in a specific aspect of landscape architecture, you might choose to specialize. Common areas of specialization include urban design, environmental restoration, and park and recreation planning. By focusing on an area that truly fascinates you, you could become a sought-after expert in that field.

Academia and research

If you are particularly passionate about landscape architecture’s theoretical aspects or enjoy teaching, you might consider a career in academia or research. Roles in this field could include teaching at a university or researching to discover new ways to approach design challenges.

Running your own business

Once you have gained considerable experience and expertise in the field, you might decide to start your own landscape architecture firm. Running your own business can be incredibly rewarding, allowing you to shape your career path and create impactful designs that align with your vision. Though this step does come with its challenges, it offers the potential for significant personal and professional growth.

In the modern world, these architects are more and more critical, as there’s a growing emphasis on creating green, sustainable spaces. Climate change and its effect on urban landscaping are current trends significantly influencing this line of work. Green roofs, rain gardens, and native plantings are among the solutions landscape architects implement to combat these issues.

Along with the rising environmental concerns, these professionals are also responding to the increasing desire for outdoor spaces that promote wellness and encourage outdoor activities. There’s a notable prevalence of designing parks, gardens, trails, and other public spaces that facilitate physical activity, relaxation, and interaction with nature. This allows them to contribute to public health while making urban environments more delightful and livable.

Employment projections

According to the latest U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics data, landscape architect employment is expected to stay the same through 2031. While environmental concerns and public health interests are expected to continue driving demands, the number of architects will also depend heavily on levels of investments in infrastructure and construction projects, both residential and commercial.

Landscape architect career tips

Understand the basics of design theory

Being a landscape architect is not just about understanding plants and soil, but it is also deeply rooted in design theory. Concepts like balance, rhythm, and proportion are essential to create aesthetically appealing and functional outdoor spaces. Keeping well-informed about design theory can help you approach projects with not just horticultural knowledge but also with a good sense of design flow and functionality.

Stay updated on environmental regulations

An understanding of environmental regulations is key to the role. You’ll want to keep informed about any policy changes that could affect your work. This knowledge will help you design projects in line with both current regulations and future considerations, thereby reducing the risk of non-compliance, which can result in hefty fines or redesigning projects.

Embrace technology

The use of technology is becoming increasingly important in this field. Software like AutoCAD, Adobe Creative Suite, and GIS mapping are utilized frequently in landscape architecture. Gaining proficiency in these types of software will help you complete projects more efficiently and with greater precision, giving you an edge in your career. Software keeps updating, so learning and adapting to them is also an important part of the role.

Build a professional network

Networking is also an important aspect of success in landscape architecture. It can lead to opportunities for collaboration, new project leads, and career advancement. Attending industry-specific events and joining professional associations can help expand your network.

  • American Society of Landscape Architects (ASLA)
  • International Federation of Landscape Architects (IFLA)

Recommend continuous learning

Continual learning and keeping up to date with the latest trends and developments in landscape architecture is important for long-term success. This might include participating in webinars, attending seminars, or taking additional courses. Specific areas you may want to explore include:

  • Environmental sustainability trends
  • New materials and technologies in landscape architecture
  • Software advancements related to design and project management

Consider obtaining certifications

Although not always necessary, having certain certifications can set you apart from other architects. It demonstrates your competence and commitment to the profession. Some certifications you may want to consider include Certified Arborist, Certified Green Roof Professional, and LEED Accreditation. Always check the regulations in your country or state, as certification requirements can vary.

Where the landscape architect jobs are

Top employers

  • Design Workshop
  • Gensler
  • Stantec
  • RJM Design Group, Inc.

Top states

  • California
  • New York
  • Texas
  • Florida
  • Illinois

Top job sites

  • zengig
  • Indeed
  • LinkedIn
  • ASLA
  • Archinect Jobs


What kind of education is required to be a landscape architect?

Individuals interested in this field typically need a bachelor’s degree in landscape architecture or a related field. Some choose to pursue a master’s degree, but it’s not always required. These degree programs should be accredited by the LAAB. In addition, coursework often includes classes in design, CAD, history of landscape architecture, plant and soil science, geomorphology, and urban and regional planning.

What is a typical day for a landscape architect like?

A day in this career varies widely depending on the project at hand. Common tasks include meeting with clients, creating and modifying design plans using computer-aided design software, presenting design plans to stakeholders, checking on construction progress, and handling administrative tasks such as permitting. Some time might also be spent outdoors on-site observing the landscape and gathering measurements.

What are important skills for a landscape architect?

Good problem-solving skills are essential, as landscape architects often have to make design decisions based on a variety of factors, such as budget or landscape constraints. Strong communication skills are also vital, as these professionals need to sell their designs to clients and collaborate effectively with other members of the design and construction teams. Creativity and artistic ability are also necessary for creating unique design solutions. In addition, technical skills like proficiency in CAD software and an understanding of materials and construction processes are also crucial.

What professional organizations are associated with landscape architecture?

Professional organizations include the American Society of Landscape Architects, the Council of Landscape Architectural Registration Boards, the International Federation of Landscape Architects, and the Landscape Institute. These organizations offer resources for career development, such as continuing education opportunities, networking events, and industry trends and news.

Do landscape architects have to be licensed?

Yes, in most states, landscape architects are required to be licensed. Licensing requirements typically include a degree from an LAAB-accredited program, a period of work experience under a licensed landscape architect, and passing the Landscape Architect Registration Exam (L.A.R.E.).

What kind of workplaces hire landscape architects?

Landscape architects can find employment in a variety of settings. They often work for architectural and engineering firms, landscape services firms, government agencies, and real estate developers. Some also operate their own businesses or work as consultants.

What kind of projects does a landscape architect work on?

These professionals work on a wide range of projects, from designing small residential gardens to developing public parks and planning the landscapes of universities or corporate campuses. They may also work on more specialized projects like green roofs, streetscapes, and even restoration of natural landscapes like wetlands.

What is the work environment like for a landscape architect?

The work environment can vary greatly. Some of these professionals work in comfortable office environments, while others may spend a significant amount of time outdoors, visiting sites and overseeing projects. Traveling to meet clients and visit sites is common, and long hours may be required to meet project deadlines.

What are the long-term career prospects for landscape architects?

With experience and further education, these professionals can advance to higher positions such as project manager or even partner in a firm. They may also choose to specialize in a specific area of landscape architecture, such as sustainable design or waterfront development. Their demand is expected to grow in the coming years, driven partly by an increased focus on environmentally friendly design and planning.